- This event has passed.
Arnaud Pocheville (University of Sydney, Australia), An Introduction to Measuring Causal Specificity
6 April 2018 | 14 h 30 min - 16 h 00 min
Several authors have argued that causes differ in the degree to which they are ‘specific’ to their effects. Woodward has used this idea to enrich his influential interventionist the- ory of causal explanation. Here we propose a way to measure causal specificity using tools from information theory. We show that the specificity of a causal variable is not well de- fined without a probability distribution over the states of that variable. We demonstrate the tractability and interest of our proposed measure by measuring the specificity of coding DNA and other factors in a simple model of the production of mRNA.
Based on: Paul E. Griffiths, Arnaud Pocheville, Brett Calcott, Karola Stotz, Hyunju Kim, and Rob Knight, Measuring Causal Specificity, Philosophy of Science (2015).
Full text available
Details on Arnaud Pocheville’s research
Marie I. Kaiser (Department of Philosophy at Bielefeld University, Germany) Individual-level Mechanisms in Ecology and Evolution20 May | 18 h 00 min - 19 h 00 min