What are the priorities for data science in tackling COVID-19 and in which ways can big data analysis inform and support responses to the outbreak? It is imperative for data scientists to spend time and resources scoping, scrutinizing and questioning the possible scenarios of use of their work – particularly given the fast-paced knowledge production required by an emergency situation such as the coronavirus pandemic. In this paper I provide a scaffold for such considerations by identifying five ways in which the data science contributions to the pandemic response are imagined and projected into the future, and reflecting on how such imaginaries inform current allocations of investment and priorities within and beyond the scientific research landscape. The first two of these imaginaries, which consist of (1) population surveillance and (2) predictive modelling, have dominated the first wave of governmental and scientific responses with potentially problematic implications for both research and society. Placing more emphasis on the latter three imaginaries, which include (3) causal explanation, (4) evaluation of logistical decisions and (5) identification of social and environmental need, I argue, would provide a more balanced, sustainable and responsible avenue towards using data science to support human co-existence with coronavirus.
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