Tag: Philosophy and Biology Seminar

Deborah Gordon (University of Stanford, Dpt of Biology, USA), The ecology of collective behavior: from ants to cells

Deborah Gordon is Professor of Biology at University of Stanford (USA). Deborah Gordon is a world-leading specialist of ant colonies and collective behaviors. With her group, she uses ant colonies to investigate systems that operate without central control, and explore analogies with other systems, such as the internet, the immune system, and the brain. She… Read more »

Valerie Hardcastle (University of Cincinnati), “The Microbiome and the Brain: A New Revolution in Neuroscience?”

Valerie Hardcastle is Professor of Philosophy, Psychology, and Psychiatry & Behavioral Neuroscience at the University of Cincinnati. An internationally recognized scholar, Valerie is the author of five books and over 150 essays. She studies the nature and structure of interdisciplinary theories in the cognitive sciences and has focused primarily on developing a philosophical framework for… Read more »

Marie Darrason, Vers une classification moléculaire des maladies ? Des limites du concept de mutation actionnable à la notion de trajectoire évolutionnaire

Marie Darrason est à pneumologue et philosophe de la médecine. Elle est interne de médecine des hôpitaux de Paris et Ancienne doctorante de l’Institut d’Histoire de Philosophie des Sciences et des Techniques (Paris 1/ENS/CNRS). Voir son profil et ses publications.     Résumé : L’essor récent des thérapies ciblées, fondé sur le concept de mutation… Read more »

Arnaud Pocheville (University of Sydney, Australia), An Introduction to Measuring Causal Specificity

Abstract Several authors have argued that causes differ in the degree to which they are ‘specific’ to their effects. Woodward has used this idea to enrich his influential interventionist the- ory of causal explanation. Here we propose a way to measure causal specificity using tools from information theory. We show that the specificity of a… Read more »

James Woodward (University of Pittsburgh, History & Philosophy of Science Dpt, USA), Causation in Biology

James Woodward (Distinguished Professor in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh) Causation in Biology Abstract This talk will discuss some recent work on causation in biology from a broadly interventionist perspective. The basic idea of an interventionist account of causation is that causal relationships are relationships that are… Read more »

Marc Daëron (Institut Pasteur, CIML, IHPST, Paris, France), Biological functions challenged by omics

Marc Daëron (Institut Pasteur, CIML & IHPST) “Biological functions challenged by omics”   Abstract Omics are technology-based large-scale analyses of structurally and/or functionally related populations of molecules designated by the suffix “ome” which have been increasingly used in life sciences. As a result, biological thinking has been radically changed with new biological practice. Noticeably, however,… Read more »

Leonardo Bich (ImmunoConcept), Minimal cognition and its foundations in regulatory mechanisms

Leonardo Bich (ERC IDEM, ImmunoConcEpT, CNRS & University of Bordeaux) “Minimal cognition and its foundations in regulatory mechanisms in basic living systems” Abstract: This talk addresses the question of minimal cognition by investigating the origin of some crucial cognitive properties in the very basic organisation of biological systems. Unlike other approaches to the origin of… Read more »